SubjectsPlus: History

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Access, use, and reproduction of the electronic resources made available through the Grinnell College Libraries are governed by license agreements with publishers which may impose greater restrictions on use than does copyright law. The user is responsible for observing these agreements as well as the copyright laws of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), including the fair use guidelines that protect scholarship and research.

When accessing subscription databases from off-campus, you will be asked to sign in using your campus username and password. If you have any problems accessing library resources from off campus, please contact Julia Bauder or Sheryl Bissen.

Background Information

Oxford Reference Online Restricted Resource

Fully integrated and cross-searchable collection of over 135 academic dictionaries providing short-entry content, as well as many of Oxford’s encyclopedias and companions and other scholarly works.


American Historical Association's Guide to Historical Literature
Print Location: Ref D20 .A43x 1995



Old Maps Online

An online portal to digitized historical maps. 



Search the contents of finding aids and pamphlet files from the Grinnell College Libraries Department of Special Collections and Archives.  This is a work in progress and not all materials are yet included.  Please contact the department for additional information.  

Index of Christian Art Restricted Resource

Electronic database cataloging Christian artwork produced from early apostolic times to the middle of the 16th century, with a focus on the western world, northern Africa, and the Near East. Includes a variety of media, such as illuminated manuscripts, metalwork, sculpture, painting, and stained glass. The database contains nearly 80,000 records with over 100,000 images in both color and black-and-white, and is periodically updated as new material is cataloged.

Readers' Guide Retrospective: 1890-1982 Restricted Resource

Provides indexing of general-interest periodicals published in the United States, including full coverage of the Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature. Reflects the history of the 20th century, offering access to information about history, culture, and seminal developments across nine decades.

Google Scholar

Accesses the scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts, and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities, and other websites. Includes links to resources subscribed to by Grinnell College.

Historical Abstracts with Full Text Restricted Resource

Covers world history after 1450, excluding the U.S. and Canada. Includes articles from over 2,000 journals, books, collections, and dissertations and offers full-text access to many resources.

Mobile access to Historical Abstracts with Full Text

JSTOR Restricted Resource

Digital repository of complete full-text backfiles of several hundred scholarly journals in the Arts & Sciences, Health & General Sciences, and Ecology & Botany, except for the most recent two to five years.

Mobile access to JSTOR

Project MUSE Restricted Resource

Access to the full text of approximately 350 scholarly electronic journals in the arts & humanities, social sciences, and mathematics.

Iter: Gateway to the Middle Ages and Renaissance Restricted Resource

Digital repository of resources for the study and teaching of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (400-1700), with some full text available. Contains journal citations, e-books, reviews, a finding list of Renaissance humanistic manuscripts, and more.

Historical Newspapers and Magazines

African American Newspapers, 1827-1998 Restricted Resource

A subset of America's Historical Newspapers, created from the most extensive African American newspaper archives in the United States. Beginning with Freedom's Journal (NY), the first African American newspaper published in the United States, the titles in this collection include The Colored Citizen (OH), Rights of All (NY), Wisconsin Afro-American, New York Age, Virginia Journal and Alexandria Advertiser, Richmond Planet, Cleveland Gazette, The Appeal (MN), and hundreds of others from every region of the U.S.

Chicago Tribune Historical (1849-1990) Restricted Resource

Searchable online access to the full text of the Chicago Tribune (including advertisements) from 1849 through 1990. Available through ProQuest Historical Newspapers. For more recent editions, see National Newspapers Expanded.

America's Historical Newspapers Restricted Resource

1690-1922. Electronic editions-of-record for local, regional, and national U.S. newspapers compiled in a single database. Paid ads are excluded.

Hispanic American Newspapers, 1808-1980 Restricted Resource

Hispanic American Newspapers, 1808-1980 represents the single largest compilation of Spanish-language newspapers printed in the U.S. during the 19th and 20th centuries. The distinctive collection features hundreds of Hispanic American newspapers, including many long scattered and forgotten titles published in the 19th century. Based on the "Recovering the U.S. Hispanic Literary Heritage Project," a national research effort directed by Professor Nicolás Kanellos, this digital resource is the first in a new American Ethnic Newspapers series, available within America's Historical Newspapers

Early American Newspapers, Series 1, 2, 3, 11 (1690-1922) Restricted Resource

1690-1922. Full text of hundreds of early American newspapers, including titles from all of today's 50 states.

New York Times Historical (1851-2010) Restricted Resource

Complete online access (including advertisements) to the full text of the New York Times from 1851 to 2010. For current access, see National Newspapers Expanded, LexisNexis Academic, and other sources.

Times Digital Archive 1785-2006 [London Times] Restricted Resource

Fully searchable access to the complete backfile of The Times of London, including text, images, editorials, and advertisements.

Online Newspapers

Provides links to thousands of world newspapers.

Library Catalogs

Center for Research Libraries

A consortium of North American universities, colleges, and independent research libraries that acquires and preserves traditional and digital resources for research and teaching.

WorldCat Restricted Resource

Before 1000 BCE to the present. Catalog of millions of books, web resources, and other materials held in libraries worldwide, maintained by the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). The best way to identify resources beyond Grinnell College's collections.

Data and Statistics

International Historical Statistics: Africa, Asia & Oceania, 1750-2000
Print Location: Burling Reference HA 4675 .M552 2003


Historical Statistics of the United States: Earliest Times to the Present Restricted Resource

A fully searchable and downloadable electronic database of quantitative facts of American history, covering topics such as economics, education, government, international migration, law, natural resources, religion, sociology, and trade.

International Historical Statistics: Europe, 1750-2000
Print Location: Burling Reference HA 1107 .M5 2003

International Historical Statistics: The Americas, 1750-2000
Print Location: Burling Reference HA 175 .M55 2003


AP Images (Associated Press) Restricted Resource

Constantly updated, AP Images provides access to millions of primary source photos from 1825 to the present. Also provides audio, video, graphics, and interactives. This database may be used for educational purposes only.

U.S. Newspapers and Magazines (Current)

Scarlet & Black (Grinnell College)

1894-present. Newspaper published by the students of Grinnell College. The Scarlet & Black website features articles from 2007 to the present. The fully-searchable online archive covers from the first edition in September 1894 through May 2010.

Policy Statement:
This online file of the S&B represents the archive of the paper as originally published and maintained by the Grinnell College Libraries. We seek to balance open access to the historical record with students’ reasonable expectations of privacy. The online file is open to all users of the Internet for searching. However, it will not be crawled or indexed by Internet search tools like Google. The content of the online file will not be altered and will not be removed, except as might be required by law. Questions or concerns should be addressed to the Librarian of the College.

Scarlet & Black (Grinnell College)

1894-present. Newspaper published by the students of Grinnell College. The Scarlet & Black website features articles from 2007 to the present. The fully-searchable online archive covers from the first edition in September 1894 through May 2010.

Policy Statement:
This online file of the S&B represents the archive of the paper as originally published and maintained by the Grinnell College Libraries. We seek to balance open access to the historical record with students’ reasonable expectations of privacy. The online file is open to all users of the Internet for searching. However, it will not be crawled or indexed by Internet search tools like Google. The content of the online file will not be altered and will not be removed, except as might be required by law. Questions or concerns should be addressed to the Librarian of the College.

Government Information

Congressional Record Permanent Digital Collection Restricted Resource

Complete text of the Congressional Record from 1789 to 1999.

U.S. Congressional Serial Set Restricted Resource

1817-1994. Online access to the reports, documents, and journals of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives, with numerous images and statistical tables. Print version, approximately 13,800 bound volumes, available upon request.

Primary Sources

17th-18th Century Burney Collection Newspapers Restricted Resource

The largest single collection of English news media from these two centuries, this database provides unique content for research into a wide range of political, educational, economic, historical, and journalistic topics.

American Indian Histories and Cultures Restricted Resource

Digital resource presenting insight into interactions between American Indians and Europeans from their earliest contact up to the civil rights movement of the mid-20th century. Contains material from the Newberry Library's Edward E. Ayer Collection, including books, manuscripts, artwork, photographs, and newspapers. Highlights include rare documents such as treaties, speeches, diaries & travel journals, and historical maps.

Americas Archive

 "The Americas collection strives to represent the full range and complexity of the Americas history by bringing together key documents that examine political and cultural relationships from a hemispheric perspective. Its goal is to represent the full range and complexity of a multilingual “Americas” that includes Canada, the Caribbean, and Latin America from the beginning of colonization to the present."   From the Rice Digital Scholarship Archive.

Gerritsen Collection of women's history Restricted Resource

1543-1945. Online collection of books, pamphlets, and periodicals reflecting the evolution of a feminist consciousness and the movement for women's rights, originally created by Dutch physician Aletta Jacobs and her husband C.V. Gerritsen in the late 19th century. The collection is noteworthy for its size, scope, and diversity, and contains substantial material relating to women's experiences in the public arena as well as all aspects of women's lives within the home.

LGBT Thought and Culture Restricted Resource

Online resource hosting books, periodicals, and archival materials documenting LGBT political, social, and cultural movements throughout the 20th century and into the present day. The collection includes documents ranging from letters, speeches, interviews, and ephemera covering the political evolution of gay rights as well as memoirs, biographies, poetry, letters, and works of fiction that illuminate the lives of lesbian, gay, transgendered, and bisexual individuals and the community.

Miller Center

The Miller Center is a nonpartisan institute that seeks to expand understanding of the presidency, policy, and political history, providing critical insights for the nation’s governance challenges.

National Archives of the United States

Access to documents, photos, and records held by the National Archives of the United States.

Popular Medicine in America, 1800-1900 Restricted Resource

This collection showcases the development of 'popular' remedies and treatments in America during the 19th century, through an extensive range of material that was aimed at the general public rather than medical professionals. These popular practices were built upon earlier traditions of folk medicine and help to show the relationships between the old-style apothecaries and the newly emerging scientific methods. Trends such as phrenology, herbal medicine, and hydrotherapy are covered. Explore an array of printed sources, including rare books, pamphlets, trade cards, and visually-rich advertising ephemera.

ProQuest Executive Branch Documents, 1789-1939 Restricted Resource

Full-text database containing all U.S. Executive Branch documents listed in the "Checklist of Public Documents, 1789-1909" (and not printed in the U.S. Serial Set), as well as thousands of additional documents from 1910-1939. Indexed by subjects, names, agency report numbers, and SuDocs Classification.

Women & Women's History (University of Iowa Libraries. Iowa Digital Library)

Digitized primary source materials relating to women from the University of Iowa collections. Most materials are related to women in Iowa and/or women at the University of Iowa.

Black Abolitionist Papers Restricted Resource

1830-1865. A primary-source collection that details the work of African Americans to abolish slavery in the United States prior to the Civil War through approximately 15,000 articles, documents, manuscripts, proceedings, correspondence, and literary works created by nearly 300 Black abolitionists across North America and Europe.

Digital National Security Archive Restricted Resource

Contains 39 collections consisting of over 100,000 meticulously indexed declassified government documents, covering critical world events and U.S. policy decisions from post-World War II to the present. Bibliographies, chronologies, glossaries, overviews, and photographs are included.

Early English Books Online (EEBO) Restricted Resource

1473-1700. Contains digital facsimile page images of 100,000 works printed in England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and British North America, as well as works in English printed elsewhere.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online (ECCO) Restricted Resource

1701-1800. Digitized copies of 138,000 English-language titles and editions published primarily in the United Kingdom and the Americas. Includes books, broadsides, Bibles, tract books, sermons, and printed ephemera.

Empire Online Restricted Resource

1492-present. A digital collection of original primary documents relating to intercultural contact, including aspects of imperialism, religion, race, and class.

Google Book Search

Provides full-text of many books no longer under copyright, and allows searching of the contents of many more titles.

Mobile access to Google Book Search

Internet Archive

Digital library that archives texts, audio, music, moving images, software, videos/films, and web pages from the Internet for researchers, historians, and scholars, as well as the general public. Also provides specialized services for adaptive reading and information access for the blind and other persons with disabilities.

American State Papers Restricted Resource

1789-1838. Full-text database of U.S. Congressional materials.

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000 Restricted Resource

Database of primary source documents from women's reform organizations such as the Women's Trade Union League, the National Association of Colored Women, Henry Street and Hull House settlements, and the National Women's Party.

Women Working, 1800-1930

Online collection of primary source materials focusing on women's role in the United States economy, selected from Harvard University's library and museum holdings. Topics include commerce, costs of living, health and hygiene, home life, recreation, social issues, working conditions, and workplace regulations.

CWLU herstory project

Memos, newsletters, leaflets, position papers, general documents, recordings, and announcements tell the story of how the CWLU evolved and reveal the concerns of its members

Film and Video Collections

Films on Demand. Humanities and Social Sciences Collection Restricted Resource

Streaming video for thousands of full-length videos and video clips in subject areas including anthropology, art & architecture, communications, education, English & language arts, history, music, philosophy & religion, political science, psychology, sociology, and world languages.

Reference Resources

Annual Bibliography of British and Irish History
Print Location: Offsite Storage Z2016 .A55

Print reference work covering the history of the British Isles from the Roman period up to the 20th century. Available upon request.

International Encyclopedia of the First World War

An English-language virtual reference work on the First World War.

Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages Restricted Resource

Covers all key aspects of European history, society, and culture from 500 to 1500 CE, as well as the Byzantine Empire, Islamic dynasties, and Asiatic peoples of the era. Over 800 scholars have assembled thousands of comprehensive entries, lavishly supplemented by hundreds of illustrations and dozens of maps.

St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture Restricted Resource

Includes over 3,000 essays written by subject experts and assembled into a consistent, readable, and straightforward alphabetical reference work. Entries cover the major areas of popular culture: art, dance, film, music, print culture, social life, sports, television and radio, theater, and more. Part of the Gale Virtual Reference Library.

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 (online) Restricted Resource

In nearly 700 entries, the Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619-1895 documents the full range of the African American experience during that period—from the arrival of the first slave ship to the death of Frederick Douglass—and shows how all aspects of American culture, history, and national identity have been profoundly influenced by the experience of African Americans. 2006 edition.

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1896 to the Present (online) Restricted Resource

Focusing on the making of African American society from the 1896 "separate but equal" ruling of Plessy v. Ferguson up to the contemporary period, this encyclopedia traces the transition from the Reconstruction Era to the age of Jim Crow, the Harlem Renaissance, the Great Migration, the Brown ruling that overturned Plessy, the Civil Rights Movement, and the ascendant influence of African-American culture on the American cultural landscape. 2009 ed.

Dictionary of Historians and Historical Writing
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Oversize D14 .E53 1999

A two-volume dictionary with entries on prominent historians and themes in historical writing.

Information-Literate Historian
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor D16.2 .P71 2007

a guide to research for history students

Timetables of History: a historical linkage of people and events
Print Location: Reference D11. G78 2005

Writings on British History
Print Location: Offsite Storage Z2016 .A55

1901-1974. Print reference work containing a bibliography of books and articles on the history of Great Britain between the years 400 and 1939. Includes an appendix containing a select list of publications on British history after 1939. Volumes are available upon request.

Web sites

American Memory

Provides information on, and access to, the digitized version of the Library of Congress' primary-source collections on American history and culture, including photographs, documents, sound recordings, and motion pictures.

Center for Research Libraries Topic Guide: Medieval Studies

 A guide to resources available from the Center for Research Libraries.  Materials may be borrowed through Interlibrary Loan for extended periods.

Internet Modern History Sourcebook

Collection of primary sources of historic documents from the early modern period to the present for both Europe and the Americas. Includes links to other sources of information on modern history, on the nature of historiography, and links to maps, images, and music.


A guide to electronic resources in medieval history.


Latin American Network Information Center. Provides links to information about and from Latin America.

WWW Virtual Library:History

This is the central catalogue for the WWW-VL network of indexes to Historical materials on-line. It is intended for general public use, but its coverage and selection of sites concentrates on creating a facility useful for those pursuing historical research on-line. An extremely comprehensive index of links, it covers nearly every geographic area and many subjects

Style and Citation Guides

Assembling a List of Works Cited in Your Paper

Collection of links to guides for citation styles, prepared by the Duke University Libraries via Fisher College.

Chicago Manual of Style (Online) Restricted Resource

Completely searchable and easy to use, providing quick answers to your style and editing questions. The Chicago Manual of Style Online also provides convenient tools, such as sample forms, letters, and style sheets, along with fully searchable Q&A content.

Purdue University Online Writing Lab Style Guides: Chicago/Turabian Style

This style guide contains information on the Chicago Manual of Style method of document formatting and citation. These resources follow the 16th edition of the Chicago Manual of Style, which was issued in September 2010.


Online research management, writing, and collaboration tool designed to help researchers at all levels easily gather, organize, store, and share all types of information and to instantly generate citations and bibliographies.

Special Collections Guides

Resources at Grinnell

Course Guides

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Chris Jones
Special Collections Librarian and Archivist of the College
Tel: (641) 269- 3364

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