All Resources

Access, use, and reproduction of the electronic resources made available through the Grinnell College Libraries are governed by license agreements with publishers which may impose greater restrictions on use than does copyright law. The user is responsible for observing these agreements as well as the copyright laws of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), including the fair use guidelines that protect scholarship and research.

When accessing subscription databases from off-campus, you will be asked to sign in using your campus username and password. If you have any problems accessing library resources from off campus, please contact Rebecca Ciota or Tony Lewis.


 ... questions to ask; how appropriate and valuable is the information?  A worksheet to go along with the questions.

Take charge of the information in your life:
Seek information, not affirmation
Source + Motivation = Value

Dig deeper–do not rely on just one source
Understanding is key

Primary and Secondary Literature:

Secondary literature looks like this or this ...
Primary literature looks like this, this, or this ... (note the format--IntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionReferences)

Group #1:
 Group #2:
 CDC Fluoridation 
 Group #3:
Group #4:

Permafrost 1
Permafrost 2
Permafrost 3

Predatory publishers
Stay up to date! Stay informed! Restricted Resource
Register for any device, any time access to the –
New York Times
The Washington Post (does not require registration)
Chronicle of Higher Education (log in—upper right)
PressReader (sign in upper right; works best with Chrome)
Foreign Affairs (does not require registration)

Questions?  See Kevin (


Research question/understand and define a topic
... what is the question(s) you are trying to answer? These secondary sources can help you --
*topic ideas
*understand concepts
*answer fact questions
*discover search terms, phrases, and names
*focus a research question
Remember, true research is rarely a straight path.

Annual Reviews Restricted Resource
1932–present. Provides critical reviews of the primary research literature in 46 disciplines within three broad catagories of academic endeavor: the biomedical/life sciences, physical sciences, and social sciences.
Credo Reference Restricted Resource
An easy-to-use online reference tool for starting research. Gather background information on your topic from hundreds of full-text general and subject-specific reference titles, as well as numerous images, audio files, and video clips.
Blackwell Companion to Phonology Restricted Resource
A major reference work drawing together 100+ contributions from leading scholars in the field representing a diverse range of approaches and methodologies to the key phenomena in phonological research.
Cambridge Grammar of the English Language
Print Location: Burling 3rd Floor PE1106 .H74 2002
Print reference work providing a description of the grammar of general-purpose, present-day, international Standard English, offering a detailed account of the principles governing the construction of English words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.
Endangered Languages (UNESCO)
"The aim of UNESCO’s Endangered Languages Programme is to support communities, experts and governments by producing, coordinating and  disseminating:
--tools for monitoring, advocacy, and assessment of status and trends in linguistic diversity,
--services such as policy advice, technical expertise and training, good practices and a platform for exchange and transfer of skills."  Information from the Guardian while UNESCO information is off-line (November 2016).
Endangered Languages Project
"An online resource to record, access, and share samples of and research on endangered languages as well as to share advice and best practices for those working to document or strengthen languages under threat."
English Lexicon Project
Provides access to a large set of lexical characteristics, along with behavioral data from visual lexical decision and naming studies, for thousands of words and nonwords. Intended for research in psycholinguistics, human memory, computational modeling, and other fields.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended
An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 7,097 known living languages.
World Atlas of Language Structures

Note: A large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars).
World Atlas of Language Structures
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Oversize P143 .W67x 2005
World's Writing Systems
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Z40 .W65 1996
Print reference book that explores in depth how scripts are applied to individual languages. Every major writing system is presented in a passage of text, accompanied by a romanized version, a phonetic transcription, and an English translation. A bibliography concludes each entry.


... these sources can help you find evidence to answer your question or validate/invalidate an answer. In Linguistics, primary sources can include many formats--journal articles, books, dissertations, reports, and more. When searching for evidence, be sure to look broadly.
OKAY: Google Scholar
Use the "Advanced Search"; can also be used as a tool to focus a broad search (try out search terms, find a possibility, search that possibility in a disciplinary database, and then use the indexing to more precisely find additional papers).
BETTER: Science Primary Literature
Includes articles, book chapters, and images that have been used and cited by multiple Grinnell students and have been highly cited in the scientific literature.

Database help

Grinnell College Libraries
Books, media, Web sites, databases, art work, and more.
Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts/Sociological Abstracts/PsycINFO/PsycBOOKS Restricted Resource
Search these four databases as a good starting point for finding primary literature in linguistics and related areas.
Anthropological Literature Restricted Resource
Indexes journal articles and edited works in archaeology, anthropology, and linguistics; also covers sociology, history, ethnohistory, demography, geography, international development, and human genetics.
Provides the full text of open-access dissertations and theses; offered by ProQuest.
OLAC: Open Language Archives Community
"Provides access to a wealth of information about thousands of languages, including details of text collections, audio recordings, dictionaries, and software, sourced from dozens of digital and traditional archives."
HathiTrust Digital Library
HathiTrust is a partnership of major research institutions and libraries working to ensure that the cultural record is preserved and accessible long into the future. There are more than sixty partners in HathiTrust, and membership is open to institutions worldwide. Not all material is available to view as full text due to copyright restrictions.
Internet Archive Resource contains images Resource contains audio
Digital library that archives texts, audio, music, moving images, software, videos/films, and web pages from the Internet for researchers, historians, and scholars, as well as the general public. Also provides specialized services for adaptive reading and information access for the blind and other persons with disabilities.
Mouton Grammar Library
"The series builds an extensive collection of high quality descriptions of languages around the world. Each volume offers a comprehensive grammatical description of a single language together with fully analyzed sample texts and, if appropriate, a word list and other relevant information which is available on the language in question."
Linguist List
International Linguistics Community Online; a forum where academic linguists can discuss linguistic issues and exchange linguistic information.
America: History and Life Restricted Resource
Indexes 2,000 journals published worldwide covering the history of the United States and Canada. Includes some full text. Coverage includes articles, book and media reviews, and abstracts of dissertations.
Historical Abstracts Restricted Resource
Covers world history after 1450, excluding the U.S. and Canada. Indexes articles from over 2,000 journals, books, collections, and dissertations.


The quickest way to see if we have access to a --

Journal article --
on-campus: Google Scholar (search by title)
off-campus:  Database OR Library Catalog

Book (print or ebook) --
on/off-campus:  Library Catalog

Key to Icons

Restricted Resource = Restricted resource
Resource contains images = Images
Resource contains video = Video files
Resource contains audio = Audio files
= Scholarly articles
Resource contains quantitative data = Quantitative data
Resource contains newspapers = Newspapers
Resource is highly recommended = Highly recommended

Subject Specialist
Picture: Kevin Engel

Kevin Engel
Science Librarian
Tel: 641-269 4234

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