Access, use, and reproduction of the electronic resources made available through the Grinnell College Libraries are governed by license agreements with publishers which may impose greater restrictions on use than does copyright law. The user is responsible for observing these agreements as well as the copyright laws of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), including the fair use guidelines that protect scholarship and research.
When accessing subscription databases from off-campus, you will be asked to sign in using your campus username and password. If you have any problems accessing library resources from off campus, please contact Rebecca Ciota or Tony Lewis.
... questions to ask; how appropriate and valuable is the information? A worksheet to go along with the questions.
Take charge of the information in your life:
Seek information, not affirmation
Source + Motivation = Value
Dig deeper–do not rely on just one source
Understanding is key
Primary and Secondary Literature:
Primary literature looks like this, this, or this ... (note the format--Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, References)
Register for any device, any time access to the –
New York Times
The Washington Post (does not require registration)
Chronicle of Higher Education
Chronicle.com (log in—upper right)
www.pressreader.com/catalog (sign in upper right; works best with Chrome)
Foreign Affairs (does not require registration)
Questions? See Kevin (email@example.com)
... what is the question(s) you are trying to answer? These secondary sources can help you --
*answer fact questions
*discover search terms, phrases, and names
*focus a research question
Remember, true research is rarely a straight path.
1932–present. Provides critical reviews of the primary research literature in 46 disciplines within three broad catagories of academic endeavor: the biomedical/life sciences, physical sciences, and social sciences.
3rd edition, 2014
2nd edition, 2018
An easy-to-use online reference tool for starting research. Gather background information on your topic from hundreds of full-text general and subject-specific reference titles, as well as numerous images, audio files, and video clips.
A major reference work drawing together 100+ contributions from leading scholars in the field representing a diverse range of approaches and methodologies to the key phenomena in phonological research.
Print Location: Burling 3rd Floor PE1106 .H74 2002
Print reference work providing a description of the grammar of general-purpose, present-day, international Standard English, offering a detailed account of the principles governing the construction of English words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.
"The aim of UNESCO’s Endangered Languages Programme is to support communities, experts and governments by producing, coordinating and disseminating:
--tools for monitoring, advocacy, and assessment of status and trends in linguistic diversity,
--services such as policy advice, technical expertise and training, good practices and a platform for exchange and transfer of skills." Information from the Guardian while UNESCO information is off-line (November 2016).
"An online resource to record, access, and share samples of and research on endangered languages as well as to share advice and best practices for those working to document or strengthen languages under threat."
Provides access to a large set of lexical characteristics, along with behavioral data from visual lexical decision and naming studies, for thousands of words and nonwords. Intended for research in psycholinguistics, human memory, computational modeling, and other fields.
An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 7,097 known living languages.
Note: A large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars).
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Oversize P143 .W67x 2005
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Z40 .W65 1996
Print reference book that explores in depth how scripts are applied to individual languages. Every major writing system is presented in a passage of text, accompanied by a romanized version, a phonetic transcription, and an English translation. A bibliography concludes each entry.
... these sources can help you find evidence to answer your question or validate/invalidate an answer. In Linguistics, primary sources can include many formats--journal articles, books, dissertations, reports, and more. When searching for evidence, be sure to look broadly.
Use the "Advanced Search"; can also be used as a tool to focus a broad search (try out search terms, find a possibility, search that possibility in a disciplinary database, and then use the indexing to more precisely find additional papers).
Includes articles, book chapters, and images that have been used and cited by multiple Grinnell students and have been highly cited in the scientific literature.
Search these four databases as a good starting point for finding primary literature in linguistics and related areas.
Indexes journal articles and edited works in archaeology, anthropology, and linguistics; also covers sociology, history, ethnohistory, demography, geography, international development, and human genetics.
Provides the full text of open-access dissertations and theses; offered by ProQuest.
"Provides access to a wealth of information about thousands of languages, including details of text collections, audio recordings, dictionaries, and software, sourced from dozens of digital and traditional archives."
HathiTrust is a partnership of major research institutions and libraries working to ensure that the cultural record is preserved and accessible long into the future. There are more than sixty partners in HathiTrust, and membership is open to institutions worldwide. Not all material is available to view as full text due to copyright restrictions.
Digital library that archives texts, audio, music, moving images, software, videos/films, and web pages from the Internet for researchers, historians, and scholars, as well as the general public. Also provides specialized services for adaptive reading and information access for the blind and other persons with disabilities.
"The series builds an extensive collection of high quality descriptions of languages around the world. Each volume offers a comprehensive grammatical description of a single language together with fully analyzed sample texts and, if appropriate, a word list and other relevant information which is available on the language in question."
International Linguistics Community Online; a forum where academic linguists can discuss linguistic issues and exchange linguistic information.
Indexes 2,000 journals published worldwide covering the history of the United States and Canada. Includes some full text. Coverage includes articles, book and media reviews, and abstracts of dissertations.
Before 1000 BCE to the present. Catalog of millions of books, web resources, and other materials held in libraries worldwide, maintained by the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). The best way to identify resources beyond Grinnell College's collections.
The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) was founded in 1924 to advance the scientific study of language. LSA plays a critical role in supporting and disseminating linguistic scholarship both to professional linguists and to the general public.
A cross-cultural database that provides ethnographic studies of diverse cultures within the United States and around the world. From Human Relations Area Files.
1978–present. Online resource that provides full-text information from nearly 4,000 United States and international newspapers, news services, magazines, blogs, transcripts, and more. To get to the international newspapers, use the "World" link under Shortcuts in the left sidebar.
The quickest way to see if we have access to a --
Journal article --
on-campus: Google Scholar (search by title)
off-campus: Database OR Library Catalog
Book (print or ebook) --
on/off-campus: Library Catalog
= Restricted resource
= Video files
= Audio files
= Scholarly articles
= Quantitative data
= Highly recommended
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Or, request a Library Lab. Kevin will get in touch with you to set up an appointment to meet.