All Resources

Access, use, and reproduction of the electronic resources made available through the Grinnell College Libraries are governed by license agreements with publishers which may impose greater restrictions on use than does copyright law. The user is responsible for observing these agreements as well as the copyright laws of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), including the fair use guidelines that protect scholarship and research.

When accessing subscription databases from off-campus, you will be asked to sign in using your campus username and password. If you have any problems accessing library resources from off campus, please contact Rebecca Ciota or Sheryl Bissen.


 ... questions to ask; how appropriate, valid, and useful is the information?


Research question/understand and define a topic
... what is the question(s) you are trying to answer? These secondary sources can help you shape and decide on your question. Remember that true research is rarely a straight path.
Blackwell Companion to Phonology Restricted Resource
A major reference work drawing together 100+ contributions from leading scholars in the field representing a diverse range of approaches and methodologies to the key phenomena in phonological research.
Cambridge Grammar of the English Language
Print Location: Burling 3rd Floor PE1106 .H74 2002
Print reference work providing a description of the grammar of general-purpose, present-day, international Standard English, offering a detailed account of the principles governing the construction of English words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.
Endangered Languages (UNESCO)
"The aim of UNESCO’s Endangered Languages Programme is to support communities, experts and governments by producing, coordinating and  disseminating:
--tools for monitoring, advocacy, and assessment of status and trends in linguistic diversity,
--services such as policy advice, technical expertise and training, good practices and a platform for exchange and transfer of skills."  Information from the Guardian while UNESCO information is off-line (November 2016).
Endangered Languages Project
"An online resource to record, access, and share samples of and research on endangered languages as well as to share advice and best practices for those working to document or strengthen languages under threat."
Ethnologue: Languages of the World Restricted Resource
An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 7,097 known living languages.
World Atlas of Language Structures

Note: A large database of structural (phonological, grammatical, lexical) properties of languages gathered from descriptive materials (such as reference grammars).
World Atlas of Language Structures
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Oversize P143 .W67x 2005
World's Writing Systems
Print Location: Burling 1st Floor Z40 .W65 1996
Print reference book that explores in depth how scripts are applied to individual languages. Every major writing system is presented in a passage of text, accompanied by a romanized version, a phonetic transcription, and an English translation. A bibliography concludes each entry.
Reference Universe Restricted Resource
Customized search engine for the library's print and online reference works, with some full text.
Academic Search Premier Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended Resource contains newspapers
Use this database to get a quick idea of what is being published on a topic--to help define a research question or topic--and to determine search terms useful for finding primary literature.


... these sources can help you find evidence to answer your question or back up an answer
Secondary literature looks like this or this ...
Primary literature looks like this ...

Academic Search Premier Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended Resource contains newspapers
Grinnell College Libraries
Books, media, Web sites, databases, art work, and more.
College Science Database Resource is highly recommended
Includes articles and book chapters in the Sciences (and related areas) found useful by past and present Grinnell College students.
Linguistics & Language Behavior Abstracts/Sociological Abstracts/PsycINFO/PsycBOOKS Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended
2-primary. Search these four databases as a good starting point for finding primary literature in linguistics and related areas.
Anthropological Literature Restricted Resource
Indexes journal articles and edited works in archaeology, anthropology, and linguistics; also covers sociology, history, ethnohistory, demography, geography, international development, and human genetics.
OLAC: Open Language Archives Community
"Provides access to a wealth of information about thousands of languages, including details of text collections, audio recordings, dictionaries, and software, sourced from dozens of digital and traditional archives."
WorldCat Restricted Resource
MRC Psycholinguistic Database
Database of over 150,000 words matched with linguistic and psycholinguistic attributes. Some also provide psychological measures. Of use to researchers in psychology and linguistics as well as those in artificial intelligence and computer science who require psychological and linguistic descriptions of words.
English Lexicon Project
Provides access to a large set of lexical characteristics, along with behavioral data from visual lexical decision and naming studies, for thousands of words and nonwords. Intended for research in psycholinguistics, human memory, computational modeling, and other fields.
Linguistic Society of America
The Linguistic Society of America (LSA) was founded in 1924 to advance the scientific study of language. LSA plays a critical role in supporting and disseminating linguistic scholarship both to professional linguists and to the general public.
Linguist List
International Linguistics Community Online; a forum where academic linguists can discuss linguistic issues and exchange linguistic information.
America: History and Life with Full Text Restricted Resource
Indexes 2,000 journals published worldwide covering the history of the United States and Canada. Includes some full text. Coverage includes articles, book and media reviews, and abstracts of dissertations.


... get that evidence--download it, find it on the shelf, etc.
The full text of journals, magazines, newspapers, and books available online through the Grinnell College Libraries.
Google Scholar
Accesses the scholarly literature across many disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts, and court opinions, from academic publishers, professional societies, online repositories, universities, and other websites. Includes links to resources subscribed to by Grinnell College.
Grinnell College Libraries
Books, media, Web sites, databases, art work, and more.
Key to Icons

Restricted Resource = Restricted resource
Resource contains images = Images
Resource contains video = Video files
Resource contains audio = Audio files
Resource is highly recommended = Highly recommended
Resource contains newspapers = Newspapers
= Scholarly articles
Resource contains quantitative data = Quantitative data

Subject Specialist
Picture: Kevin Engel

Kevin Engel
Science Librarian
Tel: (641) 269- 4234

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