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Getting Started with Reference Books
Searching the catalog with keywords or subject headings:

When beginning a search on a topic with which you are unfamiliar it is helpful to start out with a good reference book that can give you an overview, introduce you to some of the important dates and events, people involved, scholars in the field, and useful secondary sources. A reference librarian can assist you with finding good reference material and you can also find reference books through a search in the library catalog. For instance, do a word search and limit it to location=reference.
Here are the search results for "holocaust or concentration camps" when limited to reference titles.

Annotated References on the Holocaust
The following reference books provide background and additional sources for studying the Holocaust:

Bibliography On Holocaust Literature (1986), Supplement (1990)
Ref Z6374. H6 E33 1986

First edition has 9,014 bibliographic entries organized by topics of interest (i.e., Jewish Life in Prewar Europe and The Free World Reaction), which are divided into further subcategories. Works listed are available in English and some citations are annotated.The Supplement is arranged in a similar fashion and includes new and newly catalogued items and Holocaust fiction. It has 5,637 citations.

Dictionary of the Holocaust (1997)
Ref D804.25 .E67 1997

".... In 2,000 entries, it profiles major personalities, covers concentration and death camps, cities and countries, and significant events. Also included are important terms translated from German, French, Polish, Yiddish, and twelve other languages. Biographical entries give a brief history, the person's significance, and their historical context. Geographical entries pinpoint exact locations using other cities or countries as landmarks, and give the number of Jewish inhabitants before Nazi occupation, and the percentage of Jews killed. Historical background is provided for such events as Kristallnacht and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, and entries on concentration and death camps give details on the nationalities interned, each camp's specific location, and its history."--BOOK JACKET

Dictionary of Antisemitism from the Earliest Times to the Present
2nd Floor DS145 .M465 2007

This dictionary covers three thousand years of antisemitism. "A comprehensive introduction discusses the definitions, causes, and varieties of antisemitism, and the dictionary contains 2,500 entries ranging from Aaron of Lincoln to Zyklon. Entries can found on all forms of antisemitism, such as ancient, medieval, and modern; pagan, Christian, and Muslim; and religious, economic, psychosocial, racial, cultural, and political."--BOOK JACKET

The Encyclopedia of the Holocaust (1990)
Ref D804.3 .E53 1990 v.1-4

Contains nearly 1000 entries about various aspects of the Holocaust, including its beginnings and aftermath. Entries vary in length from one paragraph to several pages and cover categories such as biography, geography, political organizations and more. Includes photographs.

The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust (2001)
Ref DS 135 .E8 E45 2001 v.1-3

Gives a historical explanation of a few lines or pages in length about 6,500 different Jewish communities throughout history and the world. More detail given to articles that relate to the period between the two world wars and the Holocaust itself. Includes photographs.

Encyclopedia of War Crimes & Genocide (2006)
Ref HV 6322.7 H67 2006

This reference work is international in scope and covers crimes against humanity, crimes against peace, and human rights violations. In the introduction it states, "...a great many entries are concerned with what is known as international humanitarian law, or IHL, dealing with the rules and conduct of war and civilians under occupation." The encyclopedia covers present day situations in Iraq, Palestine, Somalia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, and Haiti.

The Holocaust Encyclopedia (2001)
Ref D804.25 .H66x 2001

A collection of explanatory articles, each varying in length from one paragraph to several pages, covering various terms related to the Holocaust, its origins and after affects. Has many archival photographs.

Holocaust Literature: An Encyclopedia of Writers and Their Work (2003)
Ref PN56 .H55 H66 2003 v.1-2

Two volumes of bio-critical essays on over 300 writers of fiction and non-fiction (including dramatists, memoirists, philosophers, etc.) from many countries. Includes eight appendices on such topics as Ghettos Noted in Literature, Language of Composition, and Historic Events.

Holocaust Novelists (2004)
Ref PS21 .D5x v.299

Contains biographies and bibliographies of 51 Holocaust novelists. It also includes three appendices: The Holocaust “ Historical Novel,� The “Second Generation,� and Postmodern Holocaust Fiction.

The Holocaust and World War II Almanac (2001)
Ref D804.17 .H65 2001 v.1-3

A three volume set of critical essays, primary documents, photographs, and biographical sketches chronicling the beginnings of WWII and the Holocaust. Volume Two is specifically concerned with the Holocaust.

Kalendarium wydarzen w Obozie Koncentracyjnym Auschwitz-Birkenau, 1939-1945. English (Auschwitz Chronicle 1939-1945) (1989)
Ref D805 .P7 C8713 1989

Gives a day-by-day chronological account of events at the Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camps. Appendices include a bibliography, glossary of terms and brief biographies of soldiers and commanders. Includes diagrams and photographs.

Nazi-Deutch/Nazi-German: An English Lexicon of the Language of the Third Reich (2002)
Ref PF3680 .M48 2002

"Clear, concise, expert definitions are supported with background information. Using up-to-date research, the book provides single-volume access to a specialized, charged vocabulary, including the terminology of Nazi ideology, propaganda slogans, military terms, ranks and offices, abbreviations and acronyms, euphemisms and code names, Germanized words, slang, chauvinistic and anti-Semitic vocabulary, and racist and sexist slurs. It is an important reference work for English- and German-speaking scholars, students, and teachers of the interwar years, the Nazi era, World War II, and the Holocaust."--BOOK JACKET

The Oryx Holocaust Sourcebook (2002)
Ref D304.3 .F474x 2002

An extensive bibliography of currently available resources directly concerning the Holocaust, including, but not limited to, primary sources, audiovisual resources and organizations.

Reference Guide to Holocaust Literature (2002)
Ref PN56 .H55 R43 2002

Contains biographical data, bibliographies, and critical essays for 223 writers and 307 works written during or after the Holocaust. Many nationalities and genres represented.

Holocaust Websites
This is a listing of websites related to the Holocaust.  They include sites run by organizations, museums and other reseach or education centers and differ widely in content and focus.

Visit Prevent Genocide International for information on the United Nations' Convention on the Prevention of the Crime of Genocide.  Article II contians the U.N.'s definition of genocide. 

"Article II: In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ehtnical, racial or religious group, as such:
  1. Killing members of the group;
  2. Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
  3. Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction inwhole or in part;
  4. Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
  5. Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."

General Sites on the Holocaust and Genocide:

Holocaust Cybrary
The History Place -- Explore the pages on World War II and Nazi Germany
The Holocaust: A Tragic Legacy
Judaism and Jewish Resources -- Links to sites on the Holocaust as well as other topics related to the study of Judaism.
Museum of Tolerance Online -- Part of the Simon Wiesental Center
A Teacher's Guide to the Holocaust

Websites Devoted to Specific Topics:

German Propaganda Archive -- Calvin College
Hate Watch Blog -- Southern Poverty Law Center
Holocaust: Non-Jesish Holocaust Victims
The International Military Tribunal for Germany -- Contents of the Nurembourg Trials from The Avalon Project at Yale Law School
To Save a Life: Stories of Jewish Rescue
Women and the Holocaust: A Cyberspace of Their Own

Organizations, Museums and Memorials

United States and Canada:

CANDLES Holocaust Museum -- CANDLES Holocaust Humseum is dedicated to the Mengele Twins who survived the horrible experiements of Dr. Mengele.
Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies -- University of Minnesota
The Florida Holocaust Museum
Fortunoff Video Archive for Holocaust Testimonies
Ghetto Fighter's House Museum
Holocaust Site at the Anti-Defamation League
The Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre
Museum of Jewish Heritage: A Living Memorial to the Holocaust
Simon Wiesenthal Center -- The Simon Wiesenthal Center is an international Jewish human rights organization dedicated to preserving the memory of the Holocaust by fostering tolerance and understanding through community involvement, educational outreach and social action.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
USC Shoah Foundation Institute -- Visual History
YIVO Institute for Jewish Research -- dedicated tot eh history and culture of Ashkenazi Jewry and to its influence in the Americas


Buchenwald and Mittelbau-Dora Memorials Foundation
Center for Documentation and Culture of German Sinti and Roma
Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site
Flossenbuerg Memorial Site
German Resistance Memorial Center
House of the Wannsee Conference: Memorial and Educational Site
Jewish Museum of Frankfurt
Jewish Museum of Westphalia
Jews in Berlin
Mittelbau-Dora Memorial
Plotzensee Memorial Center
Topography of Terror Foundation -- The mission of the Topography of Terror Foundation is to provide historical information about National Socialsim and its crimes a s well as stimulate active confromtation with this history and uts impact since 1945.


State Museum at Majdanek
Stutthof Museum
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum

Other European Countries:

Mauthausen Memorial
Jewish Museum in Prague and the Department of the Holocaust
Jewish Museum of Hohenems
Terezin Memorial
The Wiener Library -- The world's oldest Holocaust memorial institution, tracing its history back to 1933.


Beit Theresienstadt
Yad Vashem -- Since its inception, Yad Vashem has been entrusted with documenting the history of the Jewish people during the Holocaust period, preserving the memory and story of each of the six million victims, and imparting the legacy of the Holocaust for generations to come through its archives, library, school, museums and recognition of the Righteous Amongst the Nations.
All Resources

Access, use, and reproduction of the electronic resources made available through the Grinnell College Libraries are governed by license agreements with publishers which may impose greater restrictions on use than does copyright law. The user is responsible for observing these agreements as well as the copyright laws of the United States (Title 17, United States Code), including the fair use guidelines that protect scholarship and research.

When accessing subscription databases from off-campus, you will be asked to sign in using your campus username and password. If you have any problems accessing library resources from off campus, please contact Rebecca Ciota or Tony Lewis.


Academic OneFile Restricted Resource
This database offers a comprehensive, up-to-date, and easy-to-use resource for serious academic research. Includes nearly 14,000 indexed periodicals and journals covering the physical sciences, technology, medicine, social sciences, the arts, theology, literature, and other many subjects in a variety of languages. Full-text articles are available in either PDF or HTML formats.
Access World News Research Collection Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended Resource contains newspapers
1978–present. Online resource that provides full-text information from nearly 4,000 United States and international newspapers, news services, magazines, blogs, transcripts, and more. To get to the international newspapers, use the "World" link under Shortcuts in the left sidebar.
American Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies Restricted Resource
1939–present. Provides information on East-Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, produced by the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. ABSEES is also available in print (Z2483.A65).
ATLA Religion Database Restricted Resource
1949–present. Covers religious and theological scholarship in over a thousand international journals and 14,000 multi-author works.
European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies
1991–present. Provides citations for Slavic and East European studies published in Europe, with geographic coverage of East-Central and Eastern Europe as well as Russia and the former Soviet Union/Commonwealth of Independent States. 1975–1995 also available in print (Z2483.E94).
New York Times Historical (1851-2015) Restricted Resource Resource contains images Resource contains newspapers
Complete online access (including advertisements) to the full text of the New York Times from 1851 to 2015. For current access, see U.S. Newsstream, LexisNexis Academic, and other sources, or go to the New York Times Subject Guide for instructions on registering for a free account.
Philosopher's Index Restricted Resource
1940–present. Indexes books and journals in all areas of philosophy, including aesthetics, bioethics, epistemology, ethics, logic, metaphysics, social & political philosophy, and the philosophy of education, history, language, law, religion, and science.
PsycARTICLES Restricted Resource
PsycARTICLES provides full text articles from numerous journals (principally published by the APA) covering general and specialized topics in Psychology and related disciplines.
Social Science Research Network (SSRN)
Database of abstracts for social science research, organized into a number of specialized research networks in each of the social sciences. Access to some of the content requires a subscription.
Transitions Online (TOL)
Independent online news source from the Czech Republic, covers news, analysis, politics, and culture from central and eastern Europe and the Balkans. In English.
Worldwide Political Science Abstracts Restricted Resource
Index of the international serials literature in political science and its complementary fields, including international relations, law, public policy, and public administration.
Access World News Research Collection Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended Resource contains newspapers
1978–present. Online resource that provides full-text information from nearly 4,000 United States and international newspapers, news services, magazines, blogs, transcripts, and more. To get to the international newspapers, use the "World" link under Shortcuts in the left sidebar.
Ethnic NewsWatch Restricted Resource Resource contains newspapers
Full text of newspapers published by U.S. ethnic communities including African American, Arabic, Asian, Filipino, Finnish, Greek, Hispanic, Italian, Jewish, Native American, Pacific Islander, Russian, and more.
GenderWatch Restricted Resource
1970–present. A collection of hundreds of international journals, magazines, newsletters, regional publications, special reports, and conference proceedings devoted to the impact of gender across a broad range of subject areas.
America: History and Life Restricted Resource
Indexes 2,000 journals published worldwide covering the history of the United States and Canada. Includes some full text. Coverage includes articles, book and media reviews, and abstracts of dissertations.
WorldCat Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended
Before 1000 BCE to the present. Catalog of millions of books, web resources, and other materials held in libraries worldwide, maintained by the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC). The best way to identify resources beyond Grinnell College's collections.
JSTOR Restricted Resource Resource is highly recommended
Digital repository of complete full-text backfiles of several hundred scholarly journals in the Arts & Sciences, Health & General Sciences, and Ecology & Botany, except for the most recent two to five years.

Web sites

Visual History Archive Restricted Resource Resource contains video Resource contains audio
A collection of audiovisual interviews with witnesses and survivors of the Holocaust and other genocides, created by the Shoah Foundation at the University of Southern California. Over 54,000 eyewitness testimonies from 62 countries are fully-searchable thanks to a sophisticated indexing system.
Key to Icons

Restricted Resource = Restricted resource
Resource contains images = Images
Resource contains video = Video files
Resource contains audio = Audio files
= Scholarly articles
Resource contains quantitative data = Quantitative data
Resource contains newspapers = Newspapers
Resource is highly recommended = Highly recommended

Subject Specialist
Picture: Phil Jones

Phil Jones
Humanities Librarian & Coordinator of Research Services
Tel: 641-269 3355

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